First Aid Tips
Normal Vital Signs

Heart Rate--
70 - 160 Beats/Minute

Respiration--
10 - 20 Breaths/Minute

Temperature--
101 - 102.5 degrees F

Abnormal Temperatures--
Below 100 degrees F
Above 103 degrees F



Heart rate can be checked
by placing a hand over the
dog's chest.

Respiration can be
measured by holding a
wet finger in front of the
nostrils or by observing
the flanks.

Measure both rates for 15
seconds and then multiply
by 4 to get the rate per
minute.  Make sure the
dog is in a calm state to
ensure normal rates.
Puppy First Aid Kit Supplies

Alcohol Based Disinfectant
Antibiotic Cream--Neosporin
Antiseptic Solution
Bandaging Materials-- Gauze
Pads, Rolled Cotton, &
Self-Adhesive Elastic Wraps
Cotton Balls
Extra Blankets
Hydrogen Peroxide
Digital Rectal Thermometer
Scissors
Towels
Tweezers
Liquid Benadryl
Symptoms of Poisoning

Vomiting
Diarrhea
Difficulty Breathing
Abnormal Urine--
color,  odor, or frequency
Salivation
Weakness

Many times, vomiting is caused
when a dog ingests a harmful
substance.  

If you suspect poisoning, seek
immediate veterinary assistance.


Toxic Plants

Azaleas
Diffenbachia
Lilies
Rhododendrons
Rhubarb
Spinach
Tomato & Potato Stems &
Leaves
Tulip & Narcissus Bulbs
Mistletoe
Mushrooms & Toadstools that
are harmful to humans
Wild Cherry
Toxic Foods

Almonds
Apricots
Avocados
Balsam Pears
Chocolate
Coffee Grounds
Fatty Foods
Grapes
Japanese Plums
Macadamia Nuts
Moldy or Spoiled Food
Mushrooms that are toxic to
humans
Onions & Onion Powder
Pear & Peach Kernels
Raisins
Yeast Dough
Toxic Items Commonly Found In Households

Alcohol        Acetaminophen        Antifreeze & Other Car Fluids
Bleach        Boric Acid        Cleaning Products        Compost
Deodorants        De-icing Salts        Detergents
Disinfectants        Drain Cleaners        Flea Products  that are
used incorrectly or if an individual dog has hypersensitivity
Fertilizers        Furniture Polish        Gasoline        Hair Color
Insecticides        Kerosene        Matches        Mothballs
Nail Polish & Remover        Pennies--after 1982
Prescription & OTC Medications        Potpourri--liquid
Mouse/Rat Poison        Rubbing Alcohol        Shoe Polish        
Sleeping Pills        Snail & Slug Bait        Turpentine        
Vitamins-- human or overdose of pet vitamins
Weed Killers        Windshield Washer Fluid
Xylitol-Sweetened Products
When handling and
transporting an injured or
sick dog--

Never assume that it will not
bite you.  

Muzzle if it is necessary with
gauze or soft towel strips.

Wrap a small dog in a towel.

Examine the dog slowly &
gently.  If the dog becomes
agitated, stop immediately.

Never attempt to pick up a
large dog that is injured.  
Make a stretcher out of a
board,  rug, blanket, etc.

Before transporting, try to
stabilize the injuries as much
as possible.  You  can use
pillows, blankets, towels, etc.
for padding.
Vomiting

There are several  possible
causes for vomiting--
poisoning,  abdominal injury,
motion sickness, overeating,
disease, fear, brain injury, or
parasites.  

Vomiting episodes usually
require consultation with a
veterinarian.

Any abdominal pain, an
enlarged stomach, or
unproductive vomiting  needs
to taken seriously.  You should
call your veterinarian
immediately.

Puppies can dehydrate very
quickly, so continuous
vomiting needs a
veterinarian's attention.

If you suspect poisoning,
bring a sample of what you
think was ingested in its
original packaging to the vet
clinic.  

Examine vomit for blood or
any other clues as to what is
the cause.  

Gently press on the stomach
for any abdominal pain.  

Take away all food and water
until you have talked with your
vet.
Bee & Wasp Stings

Stings need to be neutralized--
Bee stings-- baking soda;
Wasp stings-- vinegar or lemon
juice.

Apply a cold pack.

In case of severe swelling or
difficulty breathing, contact your
veterinarian immediately.

Benadryl can be given to reduce
or slow  swelling.  Contact your
veterinarian for proper dosage.
Limping

There can be several
possible causes for
limping-- a broken limb,
acute arthritis, injury done to
a footpad or toenail,
dislocation, sprain, or sore
muscle.

Limping episodes usually
require consultation with a
veterinarian.

Gently inspect the area and
localize the injury.  Once
you have found the area--
look for pain, heat,
soreness, and swelling.

If you feel that there is a
fracture, stabilize the limb
and transport to your vet.

Use a clean cloth to cover
any wounds.
Bleeding

If a dog has arterial bleeding,  
see your vet immediately.  It
will be bright red and bleed in
spurts.  It is very difficult to
stop.

Apply a clean cloth to the
wound & direct pressure for
at least 5 - 7 minutes to stop
the bleeding.
Choking

Possible causes for choking
include foreign objects that
may be lodged in the throat,
esophagus, or teeth, or an
allergic reaction to something.

Pull the tongue forward
gently and look inside the
mouth and throat.

If an object is seen, while
holding the mouth open, try
to remove it by hand or with a
pair of tweezers.  Be careful
not to do more harm by
pushing it farther down into
the dog's throat.

If the dog has stopped
breathing, start CPR.
Heat Stroke

There are several causes of
heat stroke-- Lack of shade
or excessive heat,
insufficient water, or
overexertion.  Since dogs
differ in how much heat they
can tolerate, some animals
are stressed in mildly warm,
humid temperatures.  

Place the dog in a cool
shaded area.

Bathe in tepid water.  Do not
leave the animal alone while
soaking.

Check the dog's
temperature.  When it has
fallen to 103 degrees F, dry
the dog off.  

Do not allow the dog to
become chilled.
Unconsciousness

There are several possible
causes for
unconsciousness--
electrocution, drowning,
drug ingestion, or trauma.

Seek a veterinarian's care
immediately.

If a drowning has occurred--
clear the dog's lungs of
fluid.  Lift the dog's
hindquarters over the head
and squeeze the chest until
the fluid has stopped
draining.  

If an electrical shock has
occurred--  DO NOT TOUCH
the animal until there is no
longer any contact with the
source of electricity.  

If the airway has been
obstructed by a foreign
object, it needs to be
removed gently from the
animal's throat.

If the animal is not
breathing, CPR needs to be
administered.